Last updated: 3 February 2020
Particular care needs to be taken if cumulative employee contributions are likely to exceed cumulative employer contributions, and if pensions are moved or consolidated.
We usually suggest taking US tax advice in addition to UK advice, prior to making pension contributions, taking benefits or making a change to existing arrangements. In addition, with a number of changes to the pension tax rules over the years, it could be beneficial to explore whether you are at the limit for maximum pension contributions, to utilise higher rate relief. Utilising unused relief from earlier years could be useful as you are allowed to carry-over unused relief for three years.
If you are auto enrolled into a NEST pension by your employer, you need to consider whether to 'opt out' if the reporting requirements in the US are too much in comparison to the value of the pension. The NEST pension is a trust-based plan, so depending on the level of contributions between the employer and the employee, there could be annual reporting requirements in the US if the NEST pension is considered a foreign grantor trust.
What should you do?
You should review your existing pension arrangements to see whether you are maximising relief on pension contributions, and ensure you are not exceeding their limits.